Download powerpoint We found more than one meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials for 10 outcomes:
Systematic literature review SLR guidance N. The SLR is only undertaken by trainees in the cohort and earlier The following guidelines have been prepared to help you with the systematic literature review.
The marking guidance for this assignment is also available in a separate document. What is a Systematic Literature Review? A systematic literature review provides a coherent, persuasive and updated synthesis of studies in a particular area of scientific inquiry.
A critical consideration of studies is an integral part of the reviewing process. This would include an appropriate critique of methodological issues relating to the work reviewed, although these are discussed mainly with regard to the area of inquiry in general.
Ultimately, systematic literature reviews should lead to new levels of understanding, conclusions and recommendations in the chosen area. For this assignment trainees must choose a topic area and research questions which are of direct relevance to clinical psychology.
There are two broad types of review which are permitted for the first year systematic literature review assignment: Quantitative systematic reviews These provide a rigorous method of reviewing quantitative studies.
The relationship between attachment and eating disorders: A systematic review Psychological effects of paediatric burn injury on parents: A systematic review A systematic review of the efficacy and effectiveness of mindfulness - based cognitive therapy MBCT Guidance and discussion on undertaking quantitative systematic reviews is provided in: Conducting Research Literature Reviews: From the Internet to Paper 3rd edn.
How To Read A Paper: The Basics of Evidence Based Medicine 4th edn. Questions, Answers and Musings 2nd edn. Reviewing evidence for the cognitive model of auditory hallucinations: The relationship between cognitive voice appraisals and distress during psychosis.
Clinical Psychology Review, 30, A systematic review of pre-operative predictors of post-operative depression and anxiety in individuals who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The relationship between pre-morbid personality and challenging behaviour in people with dementia: Client self rated adult attachment patterns and the therapeutic alliance: Metasyntheses of qualitative studies These are also carried out in a rigorous, systematic manner.
Examples of past topics include: The impact of childhood chronic illness on the psycho-social wellbeing of fathers: A meta-synthesis Meta-synthesis of clients' experience of narrative therapy: Practical implications A qualitative metasynthesis on the effects of using sign language interpreters in therapy Guidance and discussion on undertaking metasyntheses of qualitative studies is provided in: Synthesising qualitative and quantitative evidence: Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 10, Evidence Based Midwifery, 6, Systematic reviews of interpretive research: Interpretive data synthesis of processed data.
Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 20, The state of the art - so far.Systematic review and meta-analysis of four randomised controlled trials suggest that prophylactic fluconazole reduces the incidence of invasive fungal infection in very low birthweight infants.
Further trials are needed to provide more precise estimates of effect size, and to assess the effect on mortality, neurodevelopment and the emergence of antifungal resistance.
The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence about authorship issues and provide synthesis of research on authorship across all research fields. The final sample consisted of articles reporting results from studies.
Most studies came for biomedical and health research. A systematic screen and data abstraction of titles, abstracts and full-text manuscripts were performed in duplicate, with descriptive statistics provided. The Methodological Index for Non-Randomised Studies was used to rate the quality of the included studies.
Context To compare the quality, presentation, readability, and clinical relevance of review articles published in peer-reviewed and "throwaway" journals.. Methods We reviewed articles that focused on the diagnosis or treatment of a medical condition published between January 1 and December 31, , in the 5 leading peer-reviewed general medical journals and high-circulation throwaway journals.
Objective To evaluate the breadth, validity, and presence of biases of the associations of vitamin D with diverse outcomes.
Design Umbrella review of the evidence across systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies of plasma hydroxyvitamin D or 1,dihydroxyvitamin D concentrations and randomised . WritePass - Essay Writing - Dissertation Topics [TOC]Carrying out a Systematic ReviewWriting up a Systematic ReviewBibliographyRelated This guide deals with how to write a systematic review.
This systematic review of screening and treatment benefits and harms and whether prebiopsy risk calculators can reliably detect higher-risk prostate cancers, along with a review of decision modeling studies, 5 was conducted to inform the USPSTF in its update of the recommendation regarding PSA-based screening for prostate cancer. 1 Systematic Review Services Galter Health Sciences Library. Preparing for your systematic review. If you request librarian assistance with a systematic review, please be prepared to discuss the following questions. The SPIRIT (Standard Protocol Items for Randomized Trials) statement is an evidence-based tool developed through systematic review of a wide range of resources and consensus. It closely mirrors the CONSORT statement and reflects important ethical considerations.
Systematic reviews have become popular over the last 20 years or so, particularly in health and healthcare related areas.